Today, le quatorze juillet, is France's independence day, known as Bastille Day. On this day in 1789, a revolutionary crowd stormed la Bastille, a Parisian prison known for holding political prisoners. The seven prisoners were freed and this event was a turning point in the revolution.
If you'd like to hear the French national anthem, go here and scroll down to the button on the right: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_national_anthem (Sorry I don't know how to put sound on my blog!)
So there's your history lesson for the day from your French teacher!